Some contacts that already existed with Asia, the Middle East, overseas areas on the skirts of Africa and even America were strengthened and expanded upon during this period. Bibles and prayer book s were illustrated with designs and figures; altar -pieces were painted with pictures of Christ and of the Madonna and Child ; and imaginary portraits were made of saint s, to be placed in chapel s and used for devotional purposes.
Please improve the article or discuss the issue. Social and political structures in Italy A political map of the Italian Peninsula circa The unique political structures of late Middle Ages Italy have led some to theorize that its unusual social climate allowed the emergence of a rare cultural efflorescence.
In addition to this, farmers had very small pieces of land and too much had been brought under cultivation. Italy did not exist as a political entity in the early modern period. Other causes for migration: Title given to the Virgin Mary, mother of Jesus.
These included the increasing failure of the Roman Catholic Church and the Holy Roman Empire to provide a stable and unifying framework for the organization of spiritual and material life, the rise in importance of city-states and national monarchies, the development of national languages, and the breakup of the old feudal structures.
Accordingly, several theories have been put forward to explain its origins.
In this dichotomy, the struggle between flesh and spirit becomes a moral one. The printing press revolutionized communication -- suddenly, the middle classes were able to educate themselves.
Strong attention was paid to light and how it might add depth, dimension, perspective and drama to paintings. This work of translation from Islamic culture, though largely unplanned and disorganized, constituted one of the greatest transmissions of ideas in history.
By the later s, the Mannerist style, with its emphasis on artificiality, had developed in opposition to the idealized naturalism of High Renaissance art, and Mannerism spread from Florence and Rome to become the dominant style in Europe.
Renaissance artists came from all strata of society; they usually studied as apprentices before being admitted to a professional guild and working under the tutelage of an older master.
Accordingly, several theories have been put forward to explain its origins. Epidemics ravaged cities, particularly children. Petrarch and Giovanni Boccaccio also belong to this proto-renaissance period, both through their extensive studies of Latin literature and through their writings in the vernacular.
People developed a very personal religion which included many mystical elements. Belonging to a great house, hospital, school, prison etc. The other major artist working during this period was the painter Masaccioknown for his frescoes of the Trinity in the Church of Santa Maria Novella c.
A place of Christian worship other than a parish church eg. During the Renaissance, architects aimed to use columns, pilasters, and entablatures as an integrated system.
The Roman orders types of columns are used: Tuscan, Doric, Ionic, Corinthian and Composite. Power, Economy, Political, Religion during the Renaissance. Global balance of power: Expansion, Wars, Migration; Economy; Political; Religion/Cosmology ———————————————————————————————— 1.
Expansion, Wars & Migration Largest Empire after the fall of Rome was the Islamic Empire. Social and Economic Changes During the Renaissance. Cities grew and prospered during the Renaissance and rulers learned to tax the people. Trade grew between cities/states and other countries.
As trade in goods increased, trade in ideas grew also. The contact between cultures was in some part due to the Crusades during the 11th century. Renaissance Changing attitudes The thirteenth and sixteenth centuries in Europe saw a changing attitude to religion, part of a movement now known as the Renaissance (meaning re-birth) which affected many areas of life from art to exploration.
Catholic Church in the Renaissance The Renaissance and the Church Even though there are some sharp contrasts, for the most part, the influence and prestige of the Catholic Church was declining. Religious leaders responded to this development with the persecution of heretics (‘non-believers) during the 14th and 15th centuries.
They also tried to spread fundamentalist Christian beliefs to other areas, for instance by organising Crusades.A history of the religious changes during the renaissance