Cause of the trojan war

For Homer the true Helen was in Troy. There is no single, authoritative text which tells the entire events of the war. The three great tragedians of Athens - AeschylusSophoclesand Euripides — wrote a number of dramas that portray episodes from the Trojan War.

Only 12 days later Achilles slew him, after the death of Patroclus. Initially Zeus, the king of Gods, was asked to deliver this judgment but he refused as Aphrodite was the Goddess of beauty and Hera was his wife while Athena was his daughter.

Being the most powerful of all kings, Agamemnon, king of Mycenae and brother of Menelaus, took the position of Chief Commander.

Among the warriors who joined him were his brother Agamemnon, king of Mycenae, who was made commander in chief; Odysseus Ulysses in Latinking of Ithaca; the giant Ajax, Prince of Salamis; and Achilles, prince of Phthia Phthiotis. Visit Website After the Trojan defeat, the Greeks heroes slowly made their way home.

Calchas said that Helenus knew the prophecies concerning the fall of Troy, so Odysseus waylaid Helenus. Zeus, Hades, Demeter and Hestia stayed relatively neutral during the war. For the first nine years of the war, the Greeks attacked the surrounding cities and outlying areas to cut off the food supply from Troy.

Odysseus was awarded the armor of Achilles, and Ajax went mad in despair at losing the prize.

Cause of the Trojan War Essay Sample

Another son of Telamon Hesione was Cause of the trojan war motherTeucer was considered to be one of the best archers on the Greek side, second only to Philoctetes. The poet Stesichorushowever, related in his Cause of the trojan war version of her story that she and Paris were driven ashore on the coast of Egypt and that Helen was detained there by King Proteus.

The most important literary sources are the two epic poems traditionally credited to Homerthe Iliad and the Odysseycomposed sometime between the 9th and 6th centuries BC.

When scorned by PalamedesOdysseus challenged him to do better.

Helen of Troy

To his great misfortune, however, Hector, prince of Troy and son of Priam, quickly spotted him, thrusting his sword against him and thus fatally wounding him. Enraged, Apollo afflicted the Achaean army with plague.

The Greek expedition started out with 1, ships, but Aphrodite sent a storm and some were lost. Her step father feared that trouble from rejected suitors would follow Helen and her groom. Calchas interpreted this as a sign that Troy would fall in the tenth year of the war.

Odysseus reasoned that the spear that had inflicted the wound must be able to heal it. What is the relevance of the Apple of Discord to the Trojan War. However, Helen is usually credited as Zeus' daughter, [32] and sometimes Nemesis is credited as her mother. After Calchas' prophesy, Thetis hid Achilles in Skyros at the court of King Lycomedeswhere he was disguised as a girl.

He slaughtered many Trojans, and nearly killed Aeneas, who was saved by Poseidon. After the withdrawal of Achilles, the Achaeans were initially successful.

Scholiast on Aristophanes, Knights and Aristophanes ib According to Pindar, the decision was made by secret ballot among the Achaeans. Agamemnon was forced to return Chryseis to end the plague, and took Achilles ' concubine Briseis as his own. Though he sent breastplates to Agamemnon and promised to send 50 ships, he sent only one real ship, led by the son of Mygdalion, and 49 ships made of clay.

According to the second book of the Iliad, the whole Greek army consisted of 28 contingents which originated from all over Greece. The Achaeans then conducted funeral games for Patroclus.

Triumphant Achilles dragging Hector's body around Troyfrom a panoramic fresco of the Achilleion Achilles, maddened with grief, swore to kill Hector in revenge.

To placate the goddess, Agamemnon agreed to the sacrifice of his daughter Iphigenis, and the fleet was then able to reach Troy.

The son of Periboea and Telamon - the same one who had captured Troy with Hercules more than a generation earlier- Ajax was the tallest among the Greeks, an imposing figure on the battlefield.

Conclusion On the other hand, historians believe that the abduction of Helen of Troy is legend and that the real Trojan War was caused by economic conflict.

What is the Mythical Cause of the Trojan War?

All the fighting had taken place outside the walls of troy, but at last the Greeks found a way to enter the city. Thucydides deduces that this was due to lack of money. Philoctetes on Lemnos, with Heracles' bow and quiver Attic red-figure lekythosBC Nine years of war Philoctetes Philoctetes was Heracles ' friend, and because he lit Heracles's funeral pyre when no one else would, he received Heracles' bow and arrows.

Major excavations at the site of Troy in under the direction of German archaeologist Heinrich Schliemann revealed a small citadel mound and layers of debris 25 meters deep.

Achilles' mother disguised him as a woman so that he would not have to go to war, but, according to one story, they blew a horn, and Achilles revealed himself by seizing a spear to fight intruders, rather than fleeing. This version of the story was used by Euripides in his play Helen.

The Trojan War began when the Trojan Prince Paris kidnapped Helen, the wife of Menelaus, king of Sparta. He was assisted by Aphrodite, who had promised him Helen, the most beautiful woman in the world, as a reward for siding with her in a competition against the goddesses Hera and Athena.

The Trojan War was the greatest conflict in the Greek mythology, a war that was to influences people in literature and arts for centuries. The war was fought between the Greeks and Trojans with their allies, upon a Phrygian city of Troy (Ilium), on Asia Minor (modern Turkey).

Helen of Troy, Greek Helene, in Greek legend, the most beautiful woman of Greece and the indirect cause of the Trojan War. She was daughter of Zeus, either by Leda or by Nemesis, and sister of the Dioscuri. The Trojan War began when the Trojan Prince Paris kidnapped Helen, the wife of Menelaus, king of Sparta.

He was assisted by Aphrodite, who had promised him Helen, the most beautiful woman in the world, as a reward for siding with her in a competition against the goddesses Hera and Athena. The. The real cause of the Trojan War in Greek mythology was the abduction of Helen of Sparta by Paris of Greeks fought back by waging a war against Troy.

Agamemnon led the troops and fought Troy for ten years to avenge the insult to his brother Menelaus, King of Sparta and Helen’s husband. According to the Illiad, the Trojan war began when Paris of Troy took Helen, the wife of Menelaus the King of Sparta.

Paris and Helen went to Troy. Menelaus, the husband of Helen sent armies to.

The Cause of the Trojan War Essay Sample Cause of the trojan war
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Trojan War, the greatest conflict in Classical Mythology