However, they were not a unified people. The Vikings weren't conquered. Beginning in the yearthe monastery was moved about 20 miles 35km inland for safety. Although he was not the first Dane to be made a saint, it was the first time for a king, the symbol of a more or less united Denmark, was recognized as an example worthy of veneration by the faithful.
The culprits—probably Norwegians who sailed directly across the North Sea—did not destroy the monastery completely, but the attack shook the European religious world to its core.
In the s another archbishop of HamburgUnni, undertook a new mission, with as little success as his predecessors. A century later Unniarchbishop of Hamburgmade another unsuccessful attempt. When he arrived, Haakon Jarl was already facing a revolt, and Olaf Tryggvason could convince the rebels to accept him as their king.
The subsequent King Harald Greyhidealso a Christian, was known for destroying pagan temples but not for efforts to popularize Christianity. King Gorm the Old Danish: Judge for yourself which of you bears the heavier weight.
Louis I offered to make Harald Duke of Frisia if he would give up the old gods. The raiders killed the monks and captured the valuables. Canute in marks the triumph of Christianity in Denmark.
Folkekirke the struggle between the power of the king and nobles and the church would define much of the course of Danish history. They just love to make up lies about the past, and do whatever they can to make history place them in a good light.
From the 10th century, however, control of the Russian market began to slip from Swedish hands into those of Frisian, German, and Gotland merchants.
The first known coronation by the archbishop was that of Erik Knutsson in As the Volga route declined by the end of the century, the Trade route from the Varangians to the Greeks rapidly overtook it in popularity.
They obeyed the commands of the Pope and answered to the local church. In these histories, the raiders are called Northmen, the people who arrived from the northern lands. Spared the constraints of a Frankish occupation, Danish rulers started some of the most memorable raids of their day.
Fromthe Vikings began establishing permanent bases at the coasts. Often these saints derive their veneration from deeds associated with the Christianization of Denmark. A ship, required for raiding, was a substantial investment, and one couldn't leave one's farm unless there were enough hired hands available to take care of the farm chores while the owner was out raiding.
According to later Icelandic histories, some of the early Viking settlers in Greenland supposedly led by the Norwegian Viking hero Leif Erikssonson of Erik the Red may have become the first Europeans to discover and explore North America.
Folkekirke the struggle between the power of the king and nobles and the church would define much of the course of Danish history. The sea was the easiest way of communication between the Norwegian kingdoms and the outside world.
The struggle between the old and new religions strongly affected the political life of Sweden in the 11th century. What happened to the Vikings. Motives for conversion[ edit ] Some conversions appear to have taken place for political and material gain, as well as spiritual reasons.
Thus ended the life of the last infamous Norse raider; thus ended the Viking Age. A fleet was sent against them led by Ketil Flatnose to regain control.
Alfred and his successors continued to drive back the Viking frontier and take York.
The Jarl of Orkney and Shetland, however, claimed supremacy. In the case of King Harald Bluetooth of Denmark, for example, he only partially converted to the new faith at least at first to preserve his independence from the Germans, who posed an even greater threat at the time than the Franks had been prior to this.
The oldest document in which Sweden is referred to as a united and independent kingdom is a papal decree, by which Sweden in became a diocese with its own archbishop in Uppsala.
Other Nordic countries[ edit ] The Scandinavian medieval kings also ruled over provinces outside of Scandinavia. Until his day, Danish kings were presumably local kings without influence over all the Danes.
The Viking age ended when the raids stopped. He was thrown out of the order when they found out he was a criminal. Albans Church in after nobles and peasants alike rebelled at his enforcing the tithe to pay for the new monasteries and other ecclesiastical foundations which were introduced into Denmark for the first time during his reign.
Trade across the North Sea itself began possibly as early as in the IVth or Vth century, when the earliest versions of the long boats used by the Vikings were developed. The Christianization of Scandinavia as well as other Nordic countries and the Baltic countries, took place between the 8th and the 12th centuries.
The realms of Scandinavia proper, Denmark, Norway and Sweden (Sweden is an 11th or 12th century merger of the former countries Götaland and Svealand ), established their own Archdioceses. Aug 03, · The population of Denmark (then consisting of Denmark and Skaane) was 1/2 million at the beginning of the Viking Age and 1/2 million at the end of the Viking Age (which remained so for the next 5 centuries).
It is true that almost the entire population of Scandinavia was pagan at the beginning of the Viking Age, but the Vikings had many gods, and it was no problem for them to accept the Christian.
In Scandinavia, the Viking age is considered to have ended with the establishment of royal authority in the Scandinavian countries and the establishment of Christianity as the dominant religion.
[ citation needed ] The date is usually put somewhere in the early 11th century in all three Scandinavian countries. The Viking age ended when the raids stopped.
The year is frequently used as a convenient marker for the end of the Viking age. At the Battle of Stamford Bridge, the Norwegian king Haraldr harðráði was repulsed and killed as he attempted to reclaim a portion of.
What makes the Viking Age special is the Pagan attacks on Christian targets, first in Scandinavia and then in the rest of Europe, attacks that began after Charlemagne had made his .The chritianization of the scandinavian countries at the end of the viking age